Botulinum toxin

Botulinum toxin administration

Botulinum toxin type A is available in two commercial forms: BotoxTM (Allergan pharmaceuticals) and DysportTM (Ipsen pharmaceuticals). The term ‘botox’ is often used interchangeably with botulinum toxin.
It is administered for multiple medical reasons as stated below. A neurologist will undertake an initial consultation to assess if botulinum toxin administration will help the particular clinical presentation, and where it should be administered.

Botulinum toxin is administered for multiple medical reasons as stated below.

  • Headache/Migraine
  • Cervical dystonia/Torticollis
  • Hemifacial spasm/Blepharospasm
  • Hyperhydrosis
  • Salivation
  • Spasticity
  • Tremor

Method

Botulinum toxin takes anywhere from 5-10 days to start taking effect. It is an ongoing treatment because the toxin is slowly reversed by the body, so that the effects of the injections diminish in about 3 months. Repeat injections are then needed for ongoing clinical benefit.